GARDEN SOILS & COMPOSTS
Green Century Services uses the following types of garden soils, composts, and soil conditioners.
ABOUT GARDEN SOIL & COMPOST
Gardening Soil, also known as topsoil, is a natural soil. It is found in the ground and can be mixed with other ingredients to promote healthy plant growth. For a gardener, the garden soil is probably the single most important thing in your garden. Everything good in the garden comes from the soil, so it’s important for gardeners, especially new gardeners, to understand their soil. Common mixtures to topsoil include manure and compost.
CREATING BEDS FOR THE FIRST TIME
If this is the first time you’ll plant in a portion of your yard, take extra time and effort to double dig in compost. Double digging contributes to a lighter, loamy soil and once you do it, you’ll never have to do it again. It can be back-breaking work if you’re in a large space, but for most urban gardens you can get it done.
ADDING COMPOST TO EXISTING GARDENS
With crops that have over-wintered, or when applying compost well into the garden season, practice a technique called “side dressing”. Apply a layer of compost a few inches away from the plants, protecting delicate plant stems from active microorganisms. In this way, the compost is applied as a mulch and so it reaps multiple rewards; It offers nutrients to plants mid-cycle, will discourage weed growth, and it will retain water – a benefit of side dressing in summer. Multi-purpose compost!
You can loosen soil structure by tilling and sometimes this is necessary. But tilling can over crumble soil and it kills the insects living there. So regular tilling is not the best option.
nicMatter. Organic matter improves any type of soil. Compost, leaf mold, and manure are all decaying organic matter. They loosen and enrich soiland provide food for the soil-dwelling insects.
Types of Garden Soil & Compost
PROFESSIONAL BED MIX
~Extremely popular for raised bed planting
~Consist of bio compost, hummus, and screened loam
~Provides excellent nutrient retention as well as drainage
Recommendation: For raised beds, flowers, and shrubs
PREMIUM BED MIX
~ Premium soil is a blend of manure compost, humus compost, screened sandy loam, and coarse sand.
~ Ideal for your in-ground garden or a raised bed-backyard garden.
~The ingredients are blended as to provide good permeation and aeration for a healthy root system and successful garden.
~ This product contains no bio-solids
Recommendation: roses, azaleas, vegetable gardens, and raised beds..
~ 60/40 blend of course sand and bio-solids
~ Great for top dressing existing lawns or laying new sod over
Recommendation: Also good for cactus (50% Turf Mix & 50% Pea Gravel), and trees.
~ Increases fertility and improves drainage when mixed with existing soils.
Recommendation: For leveling low spots in lawns, fill dirt for dog holes, and raising the ground when building a new flower bed.
Our low-grade fill is a mixture of all of our scraps from our yard into one pile, including mulch, sand, soil, gravel, …
Recommendation: May be used as a less expensive fill dirt or soil.
Sandy loam is great for gardening, top dressing, filling in low spots, and many other uses. It allows for good drainage. It is an equal mix of silt, clay, and sand with a pH range of 5.5-6.2.
Recommendation: May be used for gardening and top dressing.